Enduring Legacies Native Case Studies


Quantitative Reasoning

Co-Management of Puget Sound Salmon: How well does the Use and Collection of Shared Fishery Science between Tribes and the State Guide Resource Protection?

Author:Brian Footen

The history of salmon management in the Pacific Northwest is complex. Indigenous management of fisheries was partially incorporated into treaties but it took nearly 100 years for a legal framework for implementing the fisheries components of the treaties to be put into place. The restoration of Northwest Treaty Tribes fishing rights brought Native people the difficult task of working directly with the institution that had prosecuted treaty violations and discriminated against tribal fishers. The ability of the State and Tribes to work together to “co-manage” salmon stocks has improved over the years and has been spelled out in additional court decisions. However, difficulties still arise from institutional holdover views about tribal fishing rights and the belief that the State still has the overriding authority in resource management decisions. In addition, management objectives do not always mesh with the historic or contemporary cultural needs of tribal fishers.

Culturally Appropriate, Rigorous Evaluation of Tribal Services: Mount Sanford Tribal Consortium Healthy Relationships Project Evaluation

Author:Terry Cross

This study describes an evaluation of the Mount Sanford Tribal Consortium (MSTC) Healthy Relationships Project undertaken by the National Indian Child Welfare Association (NICWA). MSTC approached NICWA to provide evaluation services for the Healthy Relationships Project when their initial evaluator proved a poor fit and the need for a culturally competent evaluator became evident. When NICWA stepped in to provide MSTC evaluation services, they proposed a new, culturally-appropriate methodology for the process evaluation (providing evidence of completion) and outcome evaluation (examining evidence of worth). The outcome evaluation relied on a mixed method design which included group discussions, surveys, individual interviews, and individual case studies. The process evaluation relied on mixed quantitative and qualitative methods, including: systematic document review, staff and management interviews, on-site observations and participant reaction, and satisfaction surveys and participant and staff interviews. The process evaluation outcomes for the project are described in detail.

So You Want to Buy a Pony? A Case for Financial Literacy

Author:Michelle Aguilar-Wells

This case is about the financial considerations made in everyday life such as buying a car, house, or any large purchase on credit.  This case is introductory and intended to start participants on the path of financial literacy.  Many students have not had the opportunity to learn the basic principles for financial stability and success.  Too many people learn these lessons the hard way; through bankruptcy, loss of property, avoidable poverty, and poor credit management.  This case is best taught as an interrupted case with discussion, written work, or research required at the end of each section.

Educational Attainment for Native Americans: The Value of a College Education

Author: Meyer A. Louie

The case takes a quantitative approach in exploring the value of higher education for Native Americans. Descriptive statistical methods are applied to empirical data from the US Census Bureau. Students are asked to consider and analyze educational attainment and its correlation to median income levels, labor force participation, and poverty rates. Other statistical measures (median, ratios, and tables and charts critiques) are performed, analyzed, and interpreted. The quantitative measures and calculations can be tailored to fit the audience – depending on the level of complexity and involvement the instructor and audience wish to pursue. Hence, the questions at the end of the case are organized into two levels: Level One (treatment is less rigorous and involved, less time is available for study) and Level Two (treatment is more rigorous, more time is available to study the case. The quantitative approach of the case attempts to provide an informed answer to the all-important question: For Native Americans, is there real value in getting a college education?

Should the Confederated Tribes of Warm Springs Invest in a Woody Biomass Co-generation Facility?

Author:Kathleen M. Saul

Decades of fire suppression have left the national forests overgrown, littered with dead branches, leaves, and pine needles, and vulnerable to catastrophic wild fires. Global climate change has prompted an interest in sources of electricity that emit less carbon dioxide than coal. Those two factors come together as the Confederated Tribes of Warm Springs decide whether to build a facility that uses woody materials (“biomass”) to generate electricity. The case explores some of the environmental, regulatory, and economic factors the Tribes might want to consider in their decision making process.

Making the High School Diploma Mean Something

Author:Smith, Barbara Leigh

In 1997 Washington, like many states across the nation, established a new framework for assessing student performance in K-12 education believing this was key to making the high school diploma mean something. The new standards, implemented through the WASL (the Washington Assessment of Student Learning), were gradually phased in but will eventually become graduation requirements. While student performance has improved, students of color continue to have lower achievement scores than other students. This case looks at a reservation community struggling with the question of how to improve student performance on the WASL and the various factors that might explain poor performance.